Table 1.

Early embryonic chick model: exposure to 50 μM HCy leads to cardiac defects

Abnormality typeFrequencyPercentage
Left looping*1110.2
Cardiabifida*1110.2
Wide heart*2422.2
Heart above head1816.7
Heart close to midline*1513.9
Tubular heart32.8
Very abnormal (or no hearts)1816.7
Delayed development21.9
Dead65.6
Total108100
  • * Midline-related anomaly.