Cover: Presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2; orange) in the gut of Drosophilamelanogaster following infection. Bandarra et al. identified a novel function of the mammalian hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) and the Drosophila homologue (Sima) in restraining the major inflammation-responsive transcription factor, nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). H2O2 levels were increased in sima loss-of-function transgenic flies following Serratiamarcescens infection. HIF-1α was identified as an inhibitor of NF-κB activity, and could therefore be important in preventing excessive and harmful pro-inflammatory responses. See article by Bandarra et al. on page 169.