Subject collection: Metabolic Disorders
- Genetic, physiological and comparative genomic studies of hypertension and insulin resistance in the spontaneously hypertensive rat
Summary: Comparative genome analyses identify candidate genes for hypertension and insulin resistance on rat chromosomes 12 and 16, and marked enrichment of insulin resistance genes in the syntenic regions of the human genome.
- Diabetic polyneuropathy, sensory neurons, nuclear structure and spliceosome alterations: a role for CWC22
Summary: Subtle alterations in spliceosome structure and function in diabetic sensory neurons, including dysregulated Cajal bodies and CWC22 overexpression, might promote the development of diabetic sensory polyneuropathy.
- Intestinal epithelial cell caveolin 1 regulates fatty acid and lipoprotein cholesterol plasma levels
Summary: Caveolin 1, which forms caveolae, localizes to the basolateral membrane of zebrafish intestinal epithelial cells and regulates circulating murine fatty acid and lipoprotein cholesterol levels.
- A model of type 2 diabetes in the guinea pig using sequential diet-induced glucose intolerance and streptozotocin treatment
Summary: The guinea pig can act as a tool for investigators interested in the translational manifestations of diabetes using new methods for induction of type 2 diabetes.
- Preclinical models for obesity research
Summary: We review genetic models of obesity, their optogenetic and chemogenetic successors, and the use of dietary manipulations and meal-feeding regimes.
- Seeking out the sweet spot in cancer therapeutics: an interview with Lewis Cantley
Summary: We spoke to Lewis Cantley about his career path and the story behind some of his key breakthroughs, including discovery of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase signaling pathway and insights into the role of dysregulated metabolism in cancer.
- The interplay between obesity and cancer: a fly view
Summary: This Review highlights a Drosophila model of diet-induced obesity and cancer, and how these two models are combined to study the interplay between obesity and cancer.
- A new glucocerebrosidase-deficient neuronal cell model provides a tool to probe pathophysiology and therapeutics for Gaucher disease
Summary: This work describes the generation of a novel immortalized glucocerebrosidase-deficient neuronal cell model with utility for pathophysiology research and therapeutic development in Gaucher disease.
- Increased oxidative stress and apoptosis in the hypothalamus of diabetic male mice in the insulin receptor substrate-2 knockout model
Summary: Only IRS2-deficient male mice that become diabetic show apoptosis in the hypothalamus and this is associated with an increase in oxidative stress and inflammatory signals. Controlling inflammation and oxidative stress could prevent diabetes-induced brain injury.